Solar Flare Warning: The Sun will shoot fireballs at Earth. How dangerous are they?
Russian scientists have warned of a wave of turbulent disturbances on the sun’s 10,000-degree Fahrenheit surface, which could lead to massive satellite communications disruptions and Earth-shaking solar flares on Monday.
Three solar flares were observed Sunday with the Federov Institute of Applied Geophysics in Moscow, according to experts: “Class X flares are likely, including proton flares and poor shortwave radio conditions. This is expected to happen.” ” “
X-class flares are the largest explosions in the Solar System and can produce long-lasting radiation storms. Proton flares are storms of energetic solar particles that consist primarily of protons.
Solar flares are created when the powerful magnetic fields in and around the Sun are rewired. According to NASA, these can affect the Earth’s magnetic field with the potential to damage satellites and communications equipment.
In 2022, a storm triggered by a massive burst of radiation from the Sun causes 40 new launches of Elon Musk’s SpaceX satellites.
Three solar flares were observed on Sunday, one of which lasted 14 minutes, disrupting radio communications, the Federo Institute said.
Earlier this month, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Space Weather Prediction Center reported that a “strong radio blackout” had recently occurred in parts of the United States.
“The flare came from a large and complex region known as Sunspot Group 3354,” NOAA said, adding that it caused “temporary interruptions of high-frequency (HF) radio signals” in some of Earth’s sunlight. Exploded.” “Blackout”. But there was degradation or total loss.”
The giant sunspot, AR3354, was first spotted on June 27 and quickly expanded to nearly 10 times the size of Earth within two days, causing concern among space weather scientists, according to The Independent.
NASA said: “Sunspots are areas that appear dark on the Sun’s surface. They appear dark because they are cooler than other parts of the Sun’s surface.”
“Magnetic field lines near sunspots reorganize and cause an explosion, which creates solar flares. This releases a lot of radiation into space. A very intense “explosion” destroys the radiation there. Excludes could interfere with our radio communications on Earth,” NASA said.
In addition, another concern is the occurrence of solar storms with large amounts of coronal mass ejections (CMEs), which collide with Earth’s magnetic field from space.
Their effects can trigger geomagnetic storms. As a result, satellites, communications, Internet connectivity, and GPS may be disrupted or damaged. It can also cause power grid failure.